Glossary of Dedicated Server Hosting

  • a: a
  • Apache: A freely available Web server that is distributed under an “open source” license.
  • ASP (Active Server Pages): A simple programming language used exculsively with Windows
  • ASP.NET: Originally called ASP+. The next generation of Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP).
  • Bandwidth: The amount data you can transfer from one point to another in a given time period. 
  • Blog: Short for weblog. A personal journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption.
  • Browser: The software you use to access the Internet. Examples include Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox. 
  • C++: An object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is used to create large-scale applications.
  • CGI (Common Gateway Interface): A protocol that interfaces application software with a web server (or other type of server).
  • Cloud: On-demand access over Internet infrastructure to shared or virtualized resources such as applications and storage. The hosted IT services can scale dynamically to increase resources due to business fluctuations.
  • Colocation (or co-location) hosting: Hosting where you own the hardware, but you rent space in a data center (or colocation facility) for Internet connectivity and networking.
  • Control Panel: The software that lets you access and manage your hosting account. This is where you create mailboxes, set up your message forwarding, upload and edit files, etc. 
  • Country Code TLDs (ccTLDs): The unique TLD (or domain suffix/extension) for individual countries, which is usually a two-letter abbreviation for the country. Find your country code. 
  • Cybersquatter: The illegal act of buying or registering domain names with intent to profit from another company’s existing trademark or image. 
  • Daemon: An application or utility that runs in the background on the server.
  • Dedicated Hosting: The exclusive use of a dedicated appliance/server by just one person or business (as opposed to shared hosting). 
  • Domain Name: An Internet address as recognized by a web browser. When combined with a web hosting service to create a website, the domain name is integrated into a URL to become that website’s name (as opposed to its IP address, which serves more as a location). See URL for more info.
  • Domain Name System (DNS): A hierarchical naming system that maintains a relationship between IP addresses and domain names by “translating” IP addresses into the more readable domain names that users enter into their browsers. 
  • Domain Parking: A convenient way to hold or “park” domain name(s) that aren’t being actively used. Parking that uses a placeholder featuring ads is called “monetized” domain parking.
  • eCommerce (or e-commerce): A term meaning electronic shopping or commerce via the internet. 
  • Email or (e-mail): Electronic mail. A means of communication that transfers electronic messages from an outbox on one computer to the inbox of another.
  • Expired Domain: A domain on which the paid-for period has ended without the owner submitting payment for the next term (although there is a grace period allowing the owner to renew for a short time before the name expires). Upon expiration, the name is once more placed into the pool of available names.
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